Sowing calendar for Pune District

Annual vegetables form a major part of our diet and it is very important to understand how these affect our bodies most of the times, positively. There is nothing more satisfying than eating fresh greens  grown in our own planters and gardens, in the living soil we create and nurture. A sowing calendar comes in as a handy guide to grow the right vegetables at the right time, to enjoy a pest-free garden. The sowing calendar also serves as a useful guide for people who are not fortunate enough to be able to grow their own vegetables because it can help them to understand which vegetables are in season and which they can buy. Eating in season is very important for a number of reasons, most important among which are-

  • Naturally, mother nature provides these at specific times of the year because they have the nutrients and properties required in the specific climate either to build our immune systems or as a help to combat seasonal minor ailments.
  • It means that (most of the times) the vegetables have been grown with very limited amount of harmful pesticide (if used) than the amount used to grow vegetables that are off-season.
  • They are much cheaper than those off season

I have used this sowing calendar as a guide for three years now and has generally worked at Chaitraban (Rajgurunagar, District Pune). It was originally prepared and shared by Urban leaves, Mumbai. I will make additions and and will add in other useful information for quick reference. Some crops do really well sometime and some grow a little slower than usual but that is because of the climate conditions which nowadays fluctuate every year. However, this can be easily managed by creating the appropriate microclimate. Also, many of the crops in the annual sowing calendar are perennial. A few are mentioned in a separate table below…

I learnt the trick of assessing the climate for the year and applying logic to decide when to change the calendar a little for a particular crop. This has become extremely important in the times of climate change and when one cannot predict the climate according to the name of the month. Still, it remains as a guide for the sowing seasons of these crops.

Sowing times will differ for other states in India and you are welcome to send in notes on what worked for your climate, to share on the website so others can benefit from it. Also, since this is not a comprehensive list, any experience with these or other crops is welcome to be shared to update this chart. Please send in the additions/suggestions to our email id naturesrendezvous@gmail.com

 

THE SOWING CALENDAR FOR ANNUAL VEGETABLES

JANUARY
Crop (English) Crop (Marathi)
Brinjal Vaangi
Spinach Paalak
Fenugreek Methi
Amaranth – green and red Maath
Cilantro Kothimbir
Dill  Shepu
Green sorrel Ambat chuka
Groundnut  Bhuimoog
Kidney bean  Rajma
Kohlrabi  Navalkol
Mustard  Mohori
Radish  Moola
Tomato  Tomato
Spring onion  Kaandaa paat

 

FEBRUARY
Crop (English) Crop (Marathi)
Brinjal Vaangi
Spinach Paalak
Fenugreek Methi
Okra Bhendi
Cucumber Kaakdi
Bottlegourd Dudhi
Ivy gourd Tondli
Bitter gourd Karley
Black eyed bean Chowli
Cluster beans Gavaar
Colocasia Aloo
Cilantro Kothimbir
Green sorrel Ambat chuka
Ground nut Bhuimoog
Kidney bean Rajma
Little gourd
Mint Pudina
Ridge gourd Turai
Round gourd Tinda
Snake gourd Padwal
Tomato Tomato
This is a good time to propagate any plant by cuttings. Far the best season. I propagate all my perennials (in another blog) this month.

 

MARCH
Crop (English) Crop (Marathi)
Spinach Paalak
Okra Bhendi
Cucumber Kaakdi
Little gourd
Bottle gourd Dudhi
Bitter gourd Karle
Black eyed beans/greens Chowli
Snake gourd Padwal
Chilli Mirchi
Cluster beans Gavar
Green gram Moog
Sorgham Jwari
Mint Pudina
Ridge gourd Turai
Round gourd Tinda

 

APRIL
Crop (English) Crop (Marathi)
 Spinach  Paalak
 Okra  Bhendi
 Cucumber  Kaakdi
 Bottle gourd  Dudhi
 Black eyed beans/greens  Chowli
 Corn  Makaa
 Capsicum  Bhopli mirchi
 Sweet potato  Rataala
 Mint  Pudina
Amaranth  Maath
 Bitter gourd  Karle
 Chilli  Mirchi
 Cluster beans  Gavar
 Little gourd  Tinda
 Purslane  Ghol
 Ridge gourd  Turai
 Round gourd  Tinda
 Snake gourd  Padwal
 Sorgham  Jwari

 

MAY
Crop (English) Crop (Marathi)
Okra  Bhendi
Cucumber  Kaakdi
Bottle gourd  Dudhi
Black eyed bean  Chowli
Corn  Makaa
Capsicum  Bhopli mirchi
 Sweet potato  Rataala
Mint  Pudina
Ginger  Aala
Turmeric  Halad
Bitter gourd  Karle
Black gram  udid
Cluster beans  Gavaar
Elephant yam  Suran
Green gram  Moog
Little gourd
Moth beans Matki
 Pigeon pea  Toor
Ridge gourd  Turai
Round gourd  Tinda
Snake gourd  Padwal
Sorgham Jwari

 

June
Crop (English) Crop (Marathi)
 Okra  Bhendi
Cucumber  Kaakdi
Bottle gourd  Dudhi
Bitter gourd  Karle
Corn  Makaa
Capsicum  Bhopli mirchi
Ginger  Aala
 Turmeric  Halad
Groundnut  Bhuimug
Amaranth  Maath
 Black gram  Udid
Black eyed bean  Chowli
 Green gram  Moog
Moth beans Matki
Pigeon pea  Toor
Ridge gourd  Turai
Rosella  Ambadi
Round gourd  Tinda
Sesame  Til
Soya bean  Soya bean

 

July
Crop (English) Crop (Marathi)
 Corn Makaa
 Onions  Kaandaa
 Tomato  Tomato
 Black gram  Udid
 Black eyed bean  Chowli
 Cilantro  Kothimbir
 Dill  Shepu
Green gram  Moog
 Pearl Millet  Bajri
Moth beans  Matki
 Pigeon pea  Toor
 Rosella  Ambadi
 Sesame  Til
 Spinach  Paalak

 

AUGUST
Crop (English) Crop (Marathi)
 Brinjal/Eggplant Vaangi
 Tomato  Tomato
 Carom  Ovaa
 Cilantro  Kothimbir
 Dill  Shepu
 Aniseed  Badishep
 Sesame  Til
 Spinach  Paalak
 Spring onion  Kandaa paat

 

SEPTEMBER
Crop (English) Crop (Marathi)
 Brinjal Vaanga
Tomato Tomato
 Cabbage  Kobi
Cauliflower Flower
Basil Basil
Bengal gram Harbaraa
Cilantro Kothimbir
Corn Makaa
Dill Shepu
Kohlrabi  Navalkol
Spinach Paalak
Spring onions  Kaanda paat

 

OCTOBER
Crop (English) Crop (Marathi)
 Brinjal  Vaangi
 Spinach Paalak
Ivy gourd  Tondli
Tomato Tomato
Cabbage Kobi
Cauliflower  Flower
Mustard  Mohori
Radish Moola
Carrot Gaajar
Beetroot  Beet
Potato  Bataata
Amaranth  Maath
Bengal gram  Harbaraa
Cilantro  Kothimbir
Dill  Shepu
Fenugreek  Methi
French beans Pharasbee
Kidney beans Raajma
Kohlrabi Navalkol
Onions Kaanda
Peas Mataar

 

NOVEMBER
Crop (English) Crop (Marathi)
 Brinjal  Vaangi
Ivy gourd  Tondli
Tomato Tomato
Cabbage  Kobi
Cauliflower Flower
Mustard Mohori
Radish Moola
Carrot Gaajar
Beetroot Beet
Potato  Bataata
Amaranth Maath
Celery Celery
Cilantro  Kothimbir
Dill  Shepu
Fenugreek  Methi
Kidney beans  Raajma
Kohlrabi  Navalkol
Onions  Kaanda
Peas  Mataar
Wheat Gahu
Spinach Paalak

 

DECEMBER
Crop (English) Crop (Marathi)
 Brinjal Vaangi
Cabbage  Kobi
Cauliflower Flower
Mustard Mohori
Radish Moola
Carrot Gaajar
Amaranth Maath
Beetroot Beet
 Celery Celery
Cilantro Kothimbir
Dill Shepu
Fenugreek Methi
Kidney beans  Raajma
Kohlrabi  Navalkol
Onion  Kaanda
Peas  Mataar
Potato  Bataataa
Spinach  Paalak
Tomato  Tomato
Wheat  Gahu

 

Perennial vegetables (includes herbs) are the ones which live for more than two years. Their life span can be a few years up to a few decades. Many crops are grown as annual crops even though they are perennial, especially when grown as a commercial crop or because of the characteristics of a specific veriety. This is not an exhaustive list of perennial vegetables in the tropics but is essentially a list of the ones I have tried at Chaitraban or will try in a short period of time. As I continue to experiment and learn, I will keep adding to the list in the updates to come too…
 Crop
Brinjal
 Chilli
 Lemon grass
Chaya
Kangkong
Ivy gourd
 Pigeon pea
Chayote/Choko
Shallots
Winged bean
Sambar Spinach
Malabar Spinach
 Cheera
 Tree okra
Banana flower
Papaya-raw
 Purslane

Leave a Reply